What are concentrates?

Concentrate is a term that encompasses extracts from the cannabis plant.  Concentrates can come in various forms such as shatter, kief, bubble, and rosin. They may have different textures and consistency.

All of these extracts concentrate cannabinoids like CBD and THC.  The concentrates can yield up to 80% THC content, making the product very potent.

Let’s take a look at each type of concentrate.

Shatter is an extraction of the cannabis plants’ oil, then the resin goes through a filtration process to get rid of naturally occurring fats and waxes.  Filtration optimizes purity but can strip out the terpenes, which make-up the cannabis flavor and scent. The name comes from the leftover resin after its cooled into a glassy sheet (similar to boiled caramel hardening into candy).  It shatters like glass when cold.  Shatter’s color is various shades of amber with varying degrees of transparency.

How to use shatter?

A dabbing apparatus is needed, known as a “rig”. Dabbing is a flash vaporization of cannabis concentrates once applied to a hot surface and inhaled.

For the first timer, start small and increase the dose slowly.  Begin with a dose as little as a crumb.  Remember shatter is a concentrate.  The dose may not look like much but it will pack a punch.  The feeling can be intense.There are several websites like Leafly and youtube videos to walk you through the process of dabbing.  Use caution as the dabbing rig can get extremely hot.

Next is kief, which is sticky powder-like crystals on the cannabis flower. Kief is the crystalized resin that contains all of the plant’s compounds.  Cannabis’ crystals come from trichomes.  Under the microscope trichomes look like mushrooms. Kief is the powdery substance found at the bottom of your grinder.  Easiest way to collect kief is a three chamber grinder.  Summit has that available for purchase!   Kief has no added ingredients, so it is 100% cannabis trichomes.

How to use kief?

The best way to use it is to sprinkle a bit on top of the flower in a pipe, bong or a cannabis cigarette. Another way to utilize kief is to cook with it.  For easy instructions to make cannabutter, go to Massroots.com/learn/kief-butter-recipe.  You may also ask a Summit Member Liaison for a copy.   We are happy to assist.

Thirdly is bubble hash.  This is another variety of cannabis extract.  It typically is brown and crumbly.  Summit’s bubble hash resembles brown sugar. Trichomes on the flower buds are frozen and soaked in iced water, manually agitated, and filtered through “bubble bags.” Bubble hash gets its name from the “bubble bags” used in the extraction process.  Plastic bags have progressively smaller sieve-like holes.  Bubble bags allow freezing and iced water to filter out raw plant materials, contaminants, while retaining active ingredients.   Bubble hash is considered more refined then traditional hash.  It may contain up to 60% THC.

How to use it?

Bubble hash may be consumed by sprinkling some on cannabis flower in a pipe or cannabis cigarette. This is a solventless extract of cannabis flower.  It’s pure.  There are no residual solvents.  Use bubble to make cannabutter.  Another easy to follow recipe can be found at:

http://happypotfarmer.com/make-cannabutter-bubblehash

http://happypotfarmer.com/decarboxylate-bubble-hash.

Finally, rosin is an extract that uses a mechanical process involving heat and pressure to extract the resin from the plant.     It is a solventless process.   Again, the technique to make rosin simply uses heat and pressure and does not require any additional cleaning, so your final product is pure and ready in just minutes. Industrial-sized presses scale up to several tons of pressure to extract at extremely low temperatures, thus preserving valuable terpenes.  Another type of rosin is live rosin which is produced by   taking freshly harvested cannabis and flash freezing it prior to and throughout the extraction process.   By doing this, the cannabis plant retains its valuable terpene profile, therefore retaining the plant’s original flavor and fragrance that can then be carried over into the final product.  Live rosin is relatively new to the cannabis concentrate scene. It began around 2011-2013 in Colorado , with a small group of growers and extractors.    Among them, William Fenger, also known as “Kind Bill,” and EmoTek Labs founder “Giddy Up” were the two pioneers who developed   and introduced  live rosin to the cannabis concentrate scene.

How to use rosin?

A dabbing apparatus is needed, known as a “rig”. Dabbing is a flash vaporization of cannabis concentrates once applied to a hot surface and inhaled. Once more, the first-timer should start small and increase the dose slowly.  Begin with a dose as little as a crumb.  Remember rosin is a concentrate.  The dose may not look like much but it will be potent.  The feeling can be intense and so can the taste. Again, there are several websites like Leafly and youtube videos to walk you through the process of dabbing.  Use caution; the dabbing rig can get extremely hot. You can find all of these concentrate products at Summit.  All of the products are sold in grams with various pricing.  So, ask a Summit Member Liaison for assistance.

We are here  to help you!!